Antarctica has no permanent residents, but a number of governments maintain permanent manned research stations throughout the continent. Antarctic sea life includes penguins, blue whales, orcas, colossal squids and fur seals. The well known Emperor penguin is the only penguin that breeds during the winter in Antarctica. Besides being far away from inhabited land and being the coldest and one of the dryest places in world, Antarctica is not an easy place to get to. But increasing numbers of people visit Antarctica every year. Almost all go as a part of an organized expeditionary cruise, frequently guided by experts who are a mixture of seasoned seafarers, and ice or wildlife experts. Sources:
Emperor pinguins in Antarctica